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Glaucoma- definition, types, causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment

Glaucoma         Open-angle glaucoma; chronic glaucoma; Closed-angle glaucoma; Congenital glaucoma; Angle closure glaucoma Glaucoma refers to a group of eye conditions that lead to damage to the optic nerve, the nerve that carries visual...

Cataract – Phacoemulsification, Aftercare

A cataract is a clouding or opacity of the lens that leads to gradual painless blurring of vision and eventual loss of sight. Worldwide cataract is the primary cause of reduced vision and blindness. EPIDEMIOLOGY Age-related cataract is responsible...

Nursing Process – Inflammation And Infection Of The Eye

ASSESMENT Assessment of symptoms for any eye problem includes asking the client for subjective data using the WHAT’S UP acronym: Where is it? What part of the eye is affected? Eyelid, conjunctiva, cornea? How does it feel? Pressure? Itchy?...

Dry Eye Syndrome

Dry eye syndrome is a condition in which tear production is inadequate. It most commonly occurs in women between 50 and 60 years of age. CAUSES Three primary causes are Lacrimal gland malfunction Mucin deficiency Mechanical abnormalities The...

Corneal Dystrophies – Keratoplasty

Corneal dystrophies comprise a group of hereditary and acquired disorders of unknown cause, characterized by deposits in the layers of the cornea and alteration of the corneal structure. Corneal dystrophies are associated with all five layers...

Corneal Disorder – Keratitis

Keratitis is a condition in which the eye’s cornea, the front part of the eye, becomes inflamed. The condition is often marked by moderate to intense pain and usually involves impaired eyesight. Anatomy of Eye TYPES Superficial keratitis...

Eye Disorder – Subconjunctival haemorrhage

A subconjunctival hemorrhage (or subconjunctival haemorrhage) also known as hyposphagma, is bleeding underneath the conjunctiva. The conjunctiva contains many small, fragile blood vessels that are easily ruptured or broken. When this happens,...

Eye Disorder – Pterygium

Pterygium (Surfer’s Eye) most often refers to a benign growth of the conjunctiva. A pterygium commonly grows from the nasal side of the sclera. It is usually present in the palpebral fissure. It is associated with, and thought to be caused...

Eye Disorder – Conjunctivitis

Conjunctivitis (also called pink eye) refers to inflammation of the conjunctiva (the outermost layer of the eye and the inner surface of the eyelids). It is most commonly due to an infection (usually viral, but sometimes bacterial) or an allergic...

Eye Disorder – Lagophthalmos

Lagophthalmos is defined as the inability to close the eyelids completely. Blinking covers the eye with a thin layer of tear fluid, thereby promoting a moist environment necessary for the cells of the exterior part of the eye. The tears also...