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Comments Off on Lymphoma- nursing management

Lymphoma- nursing management

NURSING MANAGEMENT   Nursing Assessment Obtain health history, focusing on fatigue, fever, chills, night sweats, swollen lymph nodes, and history of illness or therapy causing immunosuppression. Evaluate splenomegaly, hepatomegaly, lymphadenopathy. Assess...
Comments Off on Lymphoma- prognosis, complications, prevention

Lymphoma- prognosis, complications, prevention

PROGNOSIS The outlook for HL is very good. It is one of the most curable cancers. The five-year survival rate after treatment is greater than 80% for adults and greater than 90% for children. As a result of refinements in and more aggressive...
Comments Off on Lymphomas- radiation, chemo, biologic, alternative therapies

Lymphomas- radiation, chemo, biologic, alternative therapies

Medical Treatment Standard first-line therapy (primary therapy) for lymphoma includes radiation therapy for most early-stage lymphomas, or a combination of chemotherapy and radiation. For later-stage lymphomas, chemotherapy is primarily used,...
Comments Off on Lymphomas- staging, management, treatment

Lymphomas- staging, management, treatment

STAGING OF LYMPHOMAS Ann Arbor staging classification scheme is a common one for Lymphomas. It is based on the results of imaging studies and related tests that reveal the extent of the cancer involvement. HL is often described as being “bulky”...
Comments Off on Lymphomas- causes, pathophysiology, sign and symptoms, diagnostic tests

Lymphomas- causes, pathophysiology, sign and symptoms, diagnostic tests

LYMPHOMA CAUSES/RISK FACTORS The exact causes of lymphoma are not known. Several factors have been linked to an increased risk of developing lymphoma, but it is unclear what role they play in the actual development of lymphoma. These risk factors...
Comments Off on Lymphomas- Hodgkins, Non hodgkins lymphoma, subtypes

Lymphomas- Hodgkins, Non hodgkins lymphoma, subtypes

HODGKIN’S DISEASE Hodgkin’s disease is a relatively rare malignancy that has an impressive cure rate. It is somewhat more common in men than women and has two peaks of incidence: one in the early 20s and the other after 50 years of age. Unlike...
Comments Off on Lymphomas- definition, types, lymphatic system

Lymphomas- definition, types, lymphatic system

INTRODUCTION Lymphoma is a type of cancer involving cells of the immune system, called lymphocytes, and therefore of lymphoid origin. These tumors usually start in lymph nodes but can involve lymphoid tissue in the spleen, the gastrointestinal...

Thalassemia, care checklist, complications, nursing management

Comphrehensive care checklist Check List  Cardiac Evaluation – The following tests are standard protocol and should be performed at least once a year o   Cardiac Echo o   24 hour Holter monitor o   EKG o   Cardiac Stress Test...

Thalassemia, treatment, iron chelation therapy

Treatment of Thalassemia Thalassemia trait Normally, there are no treatments recommended. However, the doctor may suggest taking iron or folic acid medication if they feel it is necessary. Thalassemia major The primary treatment is regular blood...

Thalassemia, beta thalassemia, diagnosis

Beta-Thalassemia Beta thalassemias are due to mutations in the HBB gene on chromosome 11 , also inherited in an autosomal-recessive fashion. The severity of the disease depends on the nature of the mutation. Mutations are characterized as either...