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Fracture and dislocations-nursing management, nursing assessment, nursing diagnosis, nursing interventions

NURSING MANAGEMENT NURSING ASSESSMENT A brief history of the accident, mechanism of injury and the position in which the victim was found can be obtained from the patient or witnesses. As soon as possible the patient should be transported to...

Fracture and dislocations-management, closed-reduction, care of cast, open-reduction

MEDICAL MANAGEMENT OF FRACTURES 1)      REDUCTION Reduction of a fracture (“setting” the bone) refers to restoration of the fracture fragments to anatomic alignment and rotation. Either closed reduction or open reduction may be used...

Fracture and dislocations-complications, prevention, emergency management

POSSIBLE COMPLICATIONS OF A BONE FRACTURE Heals in the wrong position – this is known as a malunion; either the fracture heals in the wrong position or it shifts. Disruption of bone growth – if a childhood bone fracture affects both...

Fracture and dislocations-sign and symptoms, diagnostic tests, bone healing process

CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS 1)      Local bleeding 2)      Swelling and discoloration Localized swelling and discoloration of the skin (ecchymosis) occurs after a fracture as a result of trauma and bleeding into the tissues. 3)     ...

Fracture and dislocations- definition, etiology, risk factors, classification

DEFINITIONS A fracture is a break in the continuity of bone and is defined according to its type and extent. A dislocation of a joint is a condition in which the articular surfaces of the bones forming the joint are no longer in anatomic contact....

Rheumatoid arthritis

RA is a chronic, systematic autoimmune disease characterized by inflammation of connective tissue in the synovial joints, typically with periods of remission and exacerbation. RA is frequently accompanied by extra articular manifestation. Rheumatoid...

Arthritis – Gouty Arthritis

Gouty arthritis (gout) is a metabolic disorder caused by abnormally high levels of uric acid in the blood. Gout is most common among middle-aged men and postmenopausal women. Gouty arthritis that develops before age 30 tends to cause more severe...

Arthritis – Osteoarthritis

Arthritis refers to inflammation of a joint, while rheumatic diseases involves the bones and muscles as well as joints. It is estimated that by the year 2030, 65 million Americans will be affected by arthritis. Arthritis affects women twice...