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Comments Off on Pneumonia – Prevention, Nursing management

Pneumonia – Prevention, Nursing management

Prevention There are several ways to prevent infectious pneumonia. Frequent Hand washing is main rule to prevent spreading infection. Smoking cessation is important not only because it helps to limit lung damage, but also because cigarette...
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Pneumonia – Diagnosis, medical management

Diagnostic Evaluation Physical Examination: may be normal, but often shows decreased expansion of the chest on the affected side, bronchial breathing on auscultation (harsher sounds from the larger airways transmitted through the inflamed and...
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Pneumonia – Pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, complications

Pathophysiology of Pneumonia Pneumococcal pneumonia is the most common cause of bacterial pneumonia and is caused by streptococcus pneumonial organism S. Pneumonia also called as pneumococcus can infect the upper respiratory tract ,the blood...
Comments Off on Pneumonia – Definition, incidence, etiology, types

Pneumonia – Definition, incidence, etiology, types

Pneumonia is a common sickness, arises in all age groups, and is a top cause of death among the elderly and people who are persistently ill. Vaccines to put off specific types of pneumonia are accessible. The diagnosis for an individual rests...

Pulmonary Tuberculosis- drugs, medical, nursing management

Medical Management Pulmonary TB is treated primarily with chemotherapeutic agents (anti tuberculosis agents) for 6 to 12 months. Prolonged treatment duration is necessary to ensure eradication of the organisms and to prevent relapse. A worldwide...

Pulmonary Tuberculosis-Sign and symptoms, Diagnosis, mantoux test

SIGN AND SYMPTOMS  Low-grade fever Cough Night sweats Fatigue Weight loss Hemoptysis DIAGNOSTIC TESTS       A complete history       Physical examination       Tuberculin skin test       Chest x-ray       Acid-fast...

Pulmonary Tuberculosis-definition, incidence, etiology, transmission, risk factors, pathophysiology

DEFINITION Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease that primarily affects the lung parenchyma. It also may be transmitted to other parts of the body, including the meninges, kidneys, bones and lymph node. INCIDENCE Overall, one-third of...

Asthma – patient education guide-part 3

Client education guide Asthma CLIENT INSTRUCTIONS Asthma may be triggered by pollen, dust, animal dander, molds, smoke, or other allergens. Learn what triggers your asthma and minimize your exposure to it. Monitor the pollution index and pollen...

Asthma, classification, diagnosis, complications, prevention, medical and nursing management

CLASSIFICATION DIAGNOSIS History and physical examination. Pulmonary function studies including response to bronchodilators. A 12% improvement in forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) after inhaled administration of air beta-agonist...

Asthma, Definition, incidence, etiology, risk factors, pathophysiology, clinical manifestations

‘Asthma’ is a Greek word which means ‘breathless’ or ‘to breathe with open mouth’. DEFINITION The Global Strategy for Asthma Management and Prevention Guidelines define asthma as ‘a chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways...